Correct Answer for the Question – Which three Layer 3 VPN technologies are based on the overlay model? is given below
Which three Layer 3 VPN technologies are based on the overlay model? (Choose three.)The overlay model, where the service provider provides emulated leased lines to the customer. The service provider provides the customer with a set of emulated leased lines. These leased lines are called VCs, which can be either constantly available (PVCs) or established on demand (SVCs). The QoS guarantees in the overlay VPN model usually are expressed in terms of bandwidth guaranteed on a certain VC (Committed Information Rate or CIR) and maximum bandwidth available on a certain VC (Peak Information Rate or PIR). The committed bandwidth guarantee usually is provided through the statistical nature of the Layer 2 service but depends on the overbooking strategy of the service provider The peer-to-peer model, where the service provider and the customer exchange Layer 3 routing information and the provider relays the data between the customer sites on the optimum path between the sites and without the customers involvement.The peer-to-peer VPN model was introduced a few years ago to alleviate the drawbacks of the overlay VPN model. In the peer-to-peer model, the Provider Edge (PE) device is a router (PE- router) that directly exchanges routing information with the CPE router. The Managed Network service offered by many service providers, where the service provider also manages the CPE devices, is not relevant to this discussion because its only a repackaging of another service. The Managed Network provider concurrently assumes the role of the VPN service provider providing the VPN infrastructure) and part of the VPN customer role (managing the CPE device). The peer-to-peer model provides a number of advantages over the traditional overlay model:Routing (from the customers perspective) becomes exceedingly simple, as the customer router exchanges routing information with only one (or a few) PE-router, whereas in the overlay VPN network, the number of neighbor routers can grow to a large number.Routing between the customer sites is always optimal, as the provider routers know the customers network topology and can thus establish optimum inter-site routing. Bandwidth provisioning is simpler because the customer has to specify only the inbound and outbound bandwidths for each site (Committed Access Rate [CAR] and Committed Delivery Rate [CDR]) and not the exact site-to-site traffic profile.The addition of a new site is simpler because the service provider provisions only an additional site and changes the configuration on the attached PE-router. Under the overlay VPN model, the service provider must provision a whole set of VCs leading from that site to other sites of the customer VPN.Prior to an MPLS-based VPN implementation, two implementation options existed for the peer- to-peer VPN model:The shared-router approach, where several VPN customers share the same PE-router. The dedicated-router approach, where each VPN customer has dedicated PE-routers.
ATM virtual circuits
Frame Relay virtual circuits
MPLS Layer 3 VPNs
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