Climate change is triggering extreme weather events, including heat waves, drought, heavy rain, floods, and landslides, are becoming more frequent around the world, especially in tropical and temperate region countries. Ocean acidification, rising sea levels, and biodiversity loss are additional effects of the fast-changing climate.
Carbon neutrality by the middle of the twenty-first century is crucial to keep global heating up to 1.5 degrees Celsius, which the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) believes is safe. The Paris Agreement, ratified by 195 nations, also stipulates this goal.
Some of the major aims of the Paris agreement are as follows:
- As soon as possible, achieve the worldwide peak in greenhouse gas emissions.
- Quickly implemented in carbon reductions.
Carbon neutral: definitions
Based on the European Parliament, carbon neutrality is attained when a zero balance, often referred to as a zero-carbon footprint, is left after the same amount of Carbon dioxide is emitted into the troposphere as is removed through various methods.
This is the entire quantity of greenhouse gas emissions produced by a person, business, service, or good.
The balance we’re talking about can be achieved in various ways. The best course of action is to limit CO2 emissions to those that the world’s trees can naturally absorb and plants that serve as carbon sinks by converting CO2 from the air into oxygen and the process of photosynthesis, assisting in the reduction of emissions.
The following are the main elements involved in achieving climate neutrality, according to a declaration made by United Nations General Secretary António Guterres in 2020:
- Forming a genuine international alliance in favour of carbon neutrality in the next three decades.
- Supporting the Paris Agreement and the Sustainable Development Goals through global funding (SDGs).
- Making significant strides in climate change resilience and adaptation.
Understanding carbon neutral and its trends:
After examining carbon neutral, it can be defined on two related terms that often lead to misunderstandings when used incorrectly:
- Carbon negative: signifies that a process goes above carbon neutrality by removing more CO2 from the atmosphere than it produces. Microsoft recently declared its intention to become carbon neutral by 2030.
- Carbon positive: refers to an action that hurts the world by adding more carbon to the troposphere than it eliminates or makes up for.
- Carbon zero: Buildings and transportation systems that are carbon-neutral are frequently referred to as zero carbon. A building must balance its energy use through renewable sources and any carbon emissions brought on by its construction to receive International Living Future Institute’s zero-carbon certification.
If carbon neutrality is not achieved, greenhouse gases like Carbon dioxide trap solar energy, warming the earth’s surface.
In the upcoming decades, global warming may have catastrophic repercussions, including more frequent and severe droughts, violent storms and heat waves, thawing glaciers, sea-level rise, loss of biodiversity, and significant disruptions to people’s lives, including possible climate migration.
Steps to achieve carbon neutrality:
The UN just stated in a communication where an organization should be heading within the near future:
- Set a price on carbon emissions that allows for investment in its elimination and the creation of low-emission substitutes, including renewable energy.
- A major amount of the emissions is caused by new coal-fired power plants, so stop building them.
- Transfer the cost of the carbon price from the public to the polluters.
- Impose requirements for the disclosure of climate-related economic concerns.
- Incorporate carbon neutrality into national financial and budgetary planning.
Views on Carbon Neutrality
In the above article, it is mentioned how much it is important to achieve carbon neutrality. Carbon neutrality can be achieved with assistance from specialists who can help enterprises reach their goal of becoming eco-friendly.